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Analyses and Reports

To «συριακό κενό» στην κυπριακή Εξωτερική Πολιτική

October 11, 2017

(Γιάννης Ιωάννου και Ζήνωνας Tζιάρρας) Στις 7 Οκτωβρίου 2017, ο Σούρκος Πρόεδρος, Ρετζέπ Σαγίπ Ερντογάν, ανακοίνωσε την έναρξη της πολυαναμενόμενης επιχείρησης στο Ίντλιμπ της Συρίας. Η εξέλιξη αυτή έρχεται να βάλει σε εφαρμογή τη συμφωνία που έλαβε χώρα μεταξύ της Ρωσίας, της Σουρκίας και του Ιράν τον περασμένο μήνα, κατά τον έκτο γύρο διαπραγματεύσεων στην Αστάνα [...]

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Νέα ηγεσία στην Χαμάς και νέοι (παλιοί) στόχοι

May 11, 2017

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Ο επόμενος πόλεμος Ισραήλ-Χεζμπολάχ Γιατί ένα τέτοιο ενδεχόμενο φαντάζει ως ένα Γιομ Κιπούρ 2.0

May 4, 2017

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CAN RESOLVING CYPRUS HOLD THE KEY TO REGIONAL ENERGY COOPERATION?

September 26, 2016

This article examines the relationship between the recent discoveries of hydrocarbon resources in the Eastern Mediterranean and the resolution of the long-standing division of Cyprus. The relationship is examined from two different perspectives: whether the findings can become a catalyst to resolving the problem, and conversely whether a possible resolution can provide the impetus for [...]

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Κωνσταντινούπολη: Το κίνημα της πλατείας

July 25, 2016

(By Vaggelis Aretaios) Την ολοκλήρωση του πολιτισμικού μετασχηματισμού της Τουρκίας σε μια ισλαμική χώρα «σφραγίζει» η περίοδος μετά την απόπειρα του πραξικοπήματος καθιστώντας εντελώς αβέβαιες και ρευστές τις σχέσεις της χώρας με την Δύση.Η κυριαρχούσα πλέον ισλαμική πολιτισμική ταυτότητα της χώρας δεν σημαίνει «ιρανοποίηση» της Τουρκίας ούτε διολίσθηση σε ένα θεοκρατικό ισλαμικό καθεστώς. Download full [...]

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The Truth will set you free

November 23, 2015

(By Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis) Truth and Reconciliation Commissions (TRC), which have emerged as an international norm during the last quarter of a century, have been established in nearly forty countries and have become an important element for national reconciliation and post conflict peace-building. Some of them have been ill-born, while others have been successful, providing a [...]

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Narratives of Conflict

November 23, 2015

(By Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis) When we talk about narratives, we define it as the spoken or written account of connected events, which could be real or imagined, that provide a chain of events that are recounted to others and especially to future generations. In intractable conflicts, a certain narrative of the conflict is created, which nurtures [...]

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Federalism made simple

November 23, 2015

There are today 25 countries in the world (out of the 193) that are federal, some of them since several centuries ago. (By Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis) The oldest federation is the United States of America, dating back since 1789, followed by Venezuela (1811) and Switzerland (1848), while the newest is South Africa (1996). Nevertheless, these 25 [...]

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Rescuing mankind`s cultural heritage

November 23, 2015

(By Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis) The interfaith and intercultural dialogue is meant to increase our understanding, our appreciation and our respect for other faiths and enhance our sensitivity towards the cultures and beliefs of other peoples with different religious and cultural backgrounds. This in turn facilitates dialogue and dialogue builds bridges and opens avenues of communication between [...]

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The Eastern Mediterranean`s sea-bed treasures

November 23, 2015

(By Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis) There is a huge potential for hydrocarbons in the Eastern Mediterranean region, both in terms of supply and of transport of gas. The US Geological Survey estimated back in 2010 that 122 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of Natural Gas and 1,68 bbl of oil are located in the Levant Basin Province and [...]

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Culture and Peace Building

November 23, 2015

(By Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis) Culture can play an important role in the promotion of peace and in building trust and mutual understanding in conflict and post conflict situations. It has been proven over time, in South Africa, Northern Ireland, Cambodia, Rwanda and other conflict situations, that culture-related activities can work as an active catalyst in bringing [...]

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Turkey`s aspiring hydrological hegemony: The impact on the regional political security developments

October 27, 2015

(By Constantinos Adamides, PhD) Turkey’s geopolitical importance is unquestionable; in the middle of three regional security complexes – the Balkan (sub-complex of the European), the Caucasus (sub-complex of the ex-Soviet region) and the Middle Eastern – it has the capacity to act either as an insulator state when it is advantageous, as with the case [...]

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Why Russia is Fighting Qatar and Competing Iran

October 22, 2015

(By Ioannis-Sotirios Ioannou) An alternative perspective on the civil conflict in Syria is inevitably linked with energy and geostrategic implications. Unlike the case of Iraq, when the discussion comes to the causes of the conflict in Syria, more often than not energy does not occupy a large part of the analysis. The recent Russian intervention [...]

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Russians and the “Alawistan”

October 4, 2015

(By Ioannis-Sotirios Ioannou) With the situation in Syria entering into a new abyss regarding the ongoing diplomatic game, things are starting to become clearer in terms of Russia’s active support to the Assad regime. The Kremlin, especially after the announcement of the Obama-Putin meeting at the United Nations, added an important diplomatic dimension to the [...]

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Russia in Syria: Changing the Power Balances

October 1, 2015

(By: Dr. Zenonas Tziarras) Back in 2012 it was argued that Syria has become an arena for conflicting regional and international interests. This reality is more salient today than any other time in the past. After reports that Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Iran and other countries of the region have mingled in Syria’s conflict through [...]

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Turkey’s Syria Problem: A talking timeline of events

September 25, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) This article analyzes the stages of the Syrian crisis’ escalation and the various Turkish reactions. Each stage of Turkey’s management of the crisis reveals certain features of its foreign policy. By examining its reactions throughout crisis we can observe the gap between the capabilities and aspirations of Turkish foreign policy. The result [...]

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The Security Culture of a Global and Multileveled Cybersecurity

September 25, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) This paper seeks to argue for the development of a global and multileveled management of cybersecurity. To do so we fi rst defi ne cybersecurity by situating it within the broader framework of the changing concept of security. To this end we look at the evolution of the security concept, mainly since [...]

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Global Shifts and the East in Cyprus’ Foreign Policy – By Zenonas Tziarras: In Depth, Vol.12, no3, pp.20-22, June 2015

September 25, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras: In Depth, Vol.12, no3, pp.20-22, June 2015) Over the past ten years or so the foreign policy of Cyprus, more specifically the Republic of Cyprus, has improved significantly in that it has started, despite some persisting problems and dilemmas, to realize and utilize the island’s geostrategic role. To this emerging reality contributed [...]

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Η Σημασία των Παγκόσμιων και Περιφερειακών Ενεργειακών Μεταβολών για την Κύπρο

September 25, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) Η ενέργεια και κατ’ επέκταση η ενεργειακή πολιτική και ασφάλεια κατέχουν κεντρική θέση στις διεθνείς ανησυχίες αυτού του αιώνα. Ταυτόχρονα, είναι ένας τομέας που άμεσα ή έμμεσα επιδρά στις διεθνείς σχέσεις, την οικονομία, το περιβάλλον, την υγεία, ακόμα και την ατομική καθημερινότητα. Επιπλέον, το κόστος και η διαθεσιμότητα των διάφορων πηγών επηρεάζεται [...]

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Assessing the ISIS threat one Year Later

August 31, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) A year ago the world witnessed the swift advances of the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) in Iraq and Syria. Though the emergence of the group was somewhat expected for those who have been following the regional developments of the past years it caught most of the world by surprise. [...]

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Shifting the Balance against ISIS, or Why Turkey Changed its Mind

July 24, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) When the international anti-ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham) coalition was formed back in September 2014, Turkey was thought to be a pivotal participant. However, the international initiative divided Turkey’s political scene which appeared reluctant to follow in the footsteps of its traditional ally, the United States (US). Download full text [...]

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The post-Referendum Greece: Between Challenges and Hope

July 9, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) On Sunday, July 5, 2015, the Greek people gave a clear ‘No’ to a proposed bailout deal by the Troika (the European Commission, International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank). Though the national referendum was specifically about the Troika’s proposed plan, both Greek and European leaders and the media transformed it into [...]

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Turkey’s hot summer

June 25, 2015

(By Evangelos Areteos) Turkey in front of a dilemma: Nationalism vs Democratization The advancement of the Syrian Kurds in northern Syria and the expansion of a continuous geographical area under their control, from the river Tigris to Kobani, are emerging as a major catalysts for the internal political balances in Ankara, where the efforts for [...]

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Turkey on the Eve of Uncertainty

June 4, 2015

(By Evangelos Areteos) On the night of June 7th Turkey will enter a new and unmapped area where the main characteristics will be political tensions and uncertainty coupled with widespread feelings of defiance and change. Regardless of the results of the ballot box, Turkey will be introduced into a swinging period: the country could oscillate [...]

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Turkey and Saudis in Syria

June 4, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) In early May, 2015 it became known that Saudi Arabia and Turkey are supporting extremist Islamist groups in Syria against the regime of Bashar al-Assad. That Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar, among others, have – mostly indirectly – been supporting Islamist groups is not news as similar reports have been emerging from [...]

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Political Manifestos and Social Change

April 30, 2015

(By Evangleso Areteos) The manifestos of political parties during elections may appear as rhetoric tools with plenty of promises, but in the context of the upcoming general elections in Turkey in 7 June, parties’ manifestos could prove to be sound indicators of unfathomable social and political changes. Download full text in PDF Political Manifestos and [...]

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The Iran-P5+1 Framework: Prospects and Implications

April 29, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) The historical provisional deal of Lausanne, between the P5+1 countries (United States, France, Russia, China, United Kingdom + Germany) and Tehran for Iran’s nuclear program, merely concerns the definition of the framework of the two negotiating parties for a final agreement in coming June (2015). As such, any enthusiasm that may exist [...]

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Turkish elections, June 7th 2015: Turkey back to the changing swing

April 21, 2015

(By Evangelos Areteos) The elections of June 7th have emerged as a crucial factor that will reshape Turkish politics and society. Whatever the results of the ballot box, mid-term or long-term turmoil should be expected after June 7th. The intensity and violence of the turmoil will depend on the results of the elections and of [...]

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The External Security of Cyprus: Challenges and Potential Threats

April 3, 2015

(By Ioannis-Sotirios Ioannou) Whereas Operation Entebbe in Uganda on July 4th 1976 can be considered as an example of daring commando attempts to save victims of terrorism, the events that transpired in February 1978 during the intervention of Egyptian commandos in Larnaca can only be seen as a continuous historical reminder that Cyprus, being a [...]

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Lessons from Kobane

April 3, 2015

(Ioannis-Sotirios Ioannou) The undoubtedly heroic opposition of the Kurds of Syria in Kobane who furiously have been fighting the Jihadists of the Islamic State is frequently compared to the stories of the women-amazons. It is the epitome of a timeless struggle for survival, human rights, and self-determination, albeit this struggle is spread from the Iran-Iraq [...]

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Lessons from Tikrit

April 3, 2015

(By Ioannis-Sotirios Ioannou) Watching the war evolve in Iraq, between the military forces of the country and the Shiite militias on one hand and the jihadists of the Islamic State on the other, one inevitably realizes the domination of Iranian policy in Iraq. In social media, like Twitter, the ‘selfies’ photos of the Iranian General [...]

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A Note on Greek Foreign Policy under Syriza

February 11, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) Much has been said and written about the foreign policy that will be followed by the newly-elected coalition government in Greece that consists of majority Syriza (Coalition of the Radical Left) and minority center-to-right wing ANEL (Independent Greeks). Much of the fear-mongering and gloom analysis stems from assumptions that Syriza and many [...]

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Syriza’s Victory and Greek-Israeli Relations

February 4, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras)The Coalition of Radical Left (Syriza) was the big winner of the Greek national elections of January 25, 2015, as expected. With 36.34% of the votes, Syriza and its leader (now Prime Minister) Alexis Tsipras won 149 seats, two seats shy of absolute majority. New Democracy, of now former Prime Minster Antonis Samaras, [...]

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Full of Gas, Full of Problems: The Eastern Mediterranean’s Hydrocarbon Showdown

January 6, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras) In October of last year, Russia, Israel and Cyprus conducted a joint naval exercise in waters of the Eastern Mediterranean. Though scheduled well in advance, the timing of the drill could not have been more opportune for Cyprus; the Barbaros, a Turkish seismic vessel dispatched by Ankara in order to survey the [...]

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Full of Gas, Full of Problems: The Eastern Mediterranean’s Hydrocarbon Showdown

January 6, 2015

(By Zenonas Tziarras and Gabriel Mitchell) In October of last year, Russia, Israel and Cyprus conducted a joint naval exercise in waters of the Eastern Mediterranean. Though scheduled well in advance, the timing of the drill could not have been more opportune for Cyprus; the Barbaros, a Turkish seismic vessel dispatched by Ankara in order [...]

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